“Constitution Day” also known as “Samvidhan Divas” is celebrated in India on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. On 26 November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, and it came into effect on 26 January 1950. Though, we celebrate the Republic Day & Independence day with lots of zeal & enthusiasm, Constitution Day is not known to many. Hence, we felt there is a need to make our children, students aware of this day & its importance.
What is Constitution?
A constitution is a set of rules that guides how a country, state, or other political organization works. The constitution may tell what the branches of the government are, what powers they have, and how they work. It also states the rights of citizens.
It is usually written down and contained within a single document
Why do we need Constitution?
Constitution helps serve as a set of rules and principles that all persons in a country can agree upon as the basis of the way in which they want the country to be governed.
A government needs some basic rules and laws to be followed for effectively governing the state either it is monarchy or democracy. A constitution itself is a set of basic rules and laws which complete the need of government. We are also the contributor of government. That's why we need a constitution.
How many types of Constitutions are there?
There are several types of constitutions followed all across the world, Codified, Uncodified, Flexible and Inflexible, Monarchical and Republican, Presidential and Parliamentary, Federal and Unitary, Political and Legal etc.
Why Indian Constitution is unique?
Indian constitution is unique as it is the “Lengthiest Constitution in the World” & a perfect “Amalgamation” of Unitary & Federal type. Typically, democratic constitutions are classified into two categories - Unitary and Federal. In a unitary constitution, all the powers are concentrated in a central authority. The states or the constituents of the country are subordinate to such central authority. In a federal constitution, powers are distributed among the center and the states. States are not subordinates of the center. Many academicians prefer to term our constitution as "quasi-federal" or "federal with strong centralizing tendency".
What is Preamble & Why it is important?
The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement that sets out guidelines, which guides the people of the nation, and to present the principles of the Constitution, and to indicate the source from which the document derives its authority, and meaning. The hopes and aspirations of the people are described in it. The preamble can be referred to as the preface which highlights the entire Constitution.
“Constitution Day” – An initiative by “ARK”
“ARK” wants to promulgate a program where all students & teachers would come together on 26 November morning every year on the “Constitution Day” & read the preamble together. Our Constitution & Preamble is our legacy, our inheritance, our bequest which is passed to us by our ancestors which enables us to rule “ourselves” & we must pass it to the young generation by making them aware of their rights & responsibilities.
Why this “Initiative” by “ARK”?
It is very important to make our students understand the preamble & constitution. Reading “Preamble” will initiate the thought process in their minds. They will understand their role as “Responsible” citizens in functioning of the Nation & building a strong “Democracy”.
Taking the pledge on this important occasion would instill a sense of patriotism among students and engage their hearts and minds with a sense of being a part of one great nation
They will understand their rights & duties towards the nation.
They will understand the meaning of “Democratic Nation” & their duties towards the “Nation” & “Democracy”.
It will inculcate “Feeling of Co-operation” among them towards the nation & fellow citizens for better governance.
Better understanding of the concept of “Democratic Government” i.e “Government of the People, by the People & for the People” which will make them understand the concept of “Egalitarian Society.